Sustainable Finance

Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures Report 2021

We are leveraging our whole business to help accelerate climate transition. Learn more about our strategy and approach to climate-related risks and opportunities, and how we are integrating climate across our firm’s business and risk practices.

“As a financial institution, we believe we can achieve the greatest impact in advancing the climate transition by partnering with our clients across our business. Whether it’s by developing new sustainability-linked financing solutions, offering world-class strategic advice, or co-investing alongside our clients in cutting-edge clean energy companies, we’re constantly innovating and expanding new commercial capabilities to help our clients accelerate their transition."

- David Solomon
Chairman and CEO, Goldman Sachs

Our Approach to Climate

The firm’s approach to accelerating climate transition is focused on those areas where Goldman Sachs can have a material impact, including working with clients to decarbonize their businesses and help drive progress towards net zero ambitions, engaging partners and broader stakeholders for impactful innovation and collaboration, and managing the firm’s own climate related risks.



In our latest Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (“TCFD”) report, Accelerating Transition, we share an interim roadmap for how we aim to deliver on our long-term commitment to align with a net zero by 2050 pathway.

We describe how we are leveraging the full breadth of our business to help drive the low-carbon transition efforts of our clients through the development of new commercial capabilities and innovative climate solutions

We also acknowledge that in addition to opportunities, the impacts of climate change present risks that have the potential to impact our business in a variety of ways. We are continuously assessing and managing the risks posed by climate change to our business through proprietary models that leverage the latest science and industry best practices on stress testing, and are further integrating climate into our firmwide business and risk practices more broadly


Introduction to New Interim Business Goals for 2030

We remain committed to support the goals of the Paris Agreement, which includes aligning our business with a net zero by 2050 pathway. In this year’s TCFD report: Accelerating Transition, we share an initial set of targets for 2030 for three sectors: Oil & Gas, Power and Auto Manufacturing*, representing sectors where we see opportunities to partner with our clients to help drive decarbonization in the real economy.

*Focused on light duty vehicle auto manufacturing, including both cars and light trucks for passenger and commercial uses


Our Commitment

Our commitment is underpinned by the following core principles:

Real Economy Impact

  • We are committed to partnering with our clients, investors and the public sector to support the goals of the Paris Agreement. At the same time, we recognize that there are substantial gaps between the benchmark 1.5°C aligned scenarios and the current state of policies, commitments and technologies.
  • We present ranged interim targets that are consistent with the ambition of the Paris Agreement but highlight where these gaps remain material. We will continue to advocate for the system level change that is required to address these gaps.

Client Solutions

  • We recognize that our clients will require a diverse set of advice, capital and financing solutions to measure, manage and execute on their decarbonization strategies, and are leveraging the capabilities across our business to support them in this effort.
  • We have taken a similarly holistic approach to our 2030 targets, including both direct and facilitated financing activities. Our approach also considers the role of low-carbon finance, which we view as an important way that we can support the provision of capital to companies who are taking important steps to reduce their emissions.


  • We have prioritized three sectors for this first iteration of targets: Oil & Gas, Power, and Auto Manufacturing, based on their materiality to global emissions and to Goldman Sachs’ own business, and the availability of sufficient relevant data to engage with clients in a meaningful way.

Sustainable Growth

  • We have chosen to set targets on a physical emissions intensity basis. This approach allows us to normalize for company size and scale of production, is designed to reduce volatility as a result of short-term changes in production levels, and enables us to support growth in businesses that are emissions-efficient




For further information on our initial set of targets for 2030, please
refer to our TCFD report: Accelerating Transition



See How We’re Accelerating Transition

We believe the most meaningful role we can play in the global climate transition is to help drive decarbonization in the real economy in partnership with our clients. Learn more about how we are helping to advance the climate transition.

Goldman Sachs 2021 Sustainability Report: Progress Through Performance

We are leveraging our business to help build a more sustainable, inclusive economy. See how we’re delivering on our commitments alongside our clients and partners.

Paul Polman, former Unilever CEO and Author

Paul Polman’s new book, Net Positive: How Courageous Companies Thrive by Giving More Than They Take, is a close look at how companies can pursue sustainable capitalism. In conversation with John Goldstein, head of the Sustainable Finance Group, Polman talks about his years as CEO of Unilever—where he was able to quadruple shareholder returns while also pursuing an industry-leading sustainability strategy—and what lessons can be shared with CEOs across all industries.

John Doerr, Chairman of Kleiner Perkins

With his new book, Speed & Scale: An Action Plan for Solving Our Climate Crisis Now, venture capitalist John Doerr talks to John Goldstein, head of the Sustainable Finance Group, about his plan to arrest climate change sooner rather than later.

Carbonomics: The Economics of Net Zero

As a cornerstone of their Carbonomics analysis, our Goldman Sachs Research analysts have updated their de-carbonization cost curve for 2022.

Marquee Carbon Portfolio Analytics

Marquee’s carbon footprinting solution is a quantitative tool to help you analyze and implement low-carbon solutions across your equities and credit portfolios while managing your overall risk exposure.

Exchanges at Goldman Sachs

Accelerating Transition: Carbonomics

Part 2 of our special miniseries: Host Kara Mangone and Michele Della Vigna, head of Natural Resources Research in EMEA, discuss the role capital markets, public policy, and technology will play in moving toward a sustainable future.

One Year of Progress Toward Our Sustainable Finance Goal

In 2020, we announced that we would deploy $750 billion in financing, investing, and advisory activity by 2030 to accelerate climate transition and advance inclusive growth. In the past year, we reached $156 billion of our total goal.