150 Years of Moments

Throughout 2019 we'll be adding new moments from our history.

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Making Global Connections: Helping a Chinese Bank Invest in South Africa

Goldman Sachs advises Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) in its 2007 purchase of a 20 percent stake in South Africa’s Standard Bank, the biggest foreign investment yet by a Chinese bank and the largest foreign investment in South Africa since the fall of apartheid.

Clients

Plumtree Court Combines Design, Functionality and Sustainability in New European Headquarters

In 2019, Goldman Sachs prepares to take occupancy of Plumtree Court. The firm’s new European headquarters will bring the three existing London offices together under one roof, with a focus on creating a space that fosters productivity and connectivity and achieving a BREEAM rating of Excellent for its sustainability.

Culture , Globalization

The Dow Jones Industrial Average Reaches 1,000 Units for the First Time

In November 1972, the Dow Jones Industrial Average climbs to 1,000 units for the first time in its history, a milestone 76 years in the making.

Globalization

Goldman Sachs Leads Third Consecutive Offering for Japan's NTT

In 2000, Goldman Sachs assists Japan’s Ministry of Finance in its US$11.3 billion offering of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone shares (NTT-6), making the firm co-lead manager of three consecutive offerings for the Japanese telecommunications giant.

Clients

With Gao Hua Joint Venture, the Firm Establishes a Foothold in China's Domestic Financial Markets

Goldman Sachs announces a joint venture with Beijing Gao Hua Securities in 2004, strengthening its position in China’s domestic financial markets.

Clients , Globalization

Goldman Sachs Sets (Another) Block Trade Record

In May 1997, Goldman Sachs is selected as sole handler of the Kuwait Investment Office’s block sale of British Petroleum shares valued at US$2 billion, the largest-ever executed by a single firm.

Clients

Playing Defense in London: BTR Acquisition of Thomas Tilling

Goldman Sachs makes its mark in London with takeover defense of Thomas Tilling in 1983.

Clients

Firm Announces First-Ever Joint Venture, with India's Kotak Mahindra

Goldman Sachs announces first-ever joint venture with Kotak Mahindra of India in 1995.

Clients

GS Financial WorkbenchSM Breaks New Ground in Firm’s Digital Offerings to Clients

The launch of GS Financial WorkbenchSM in 1995 marks the firm’s first significant effort to share some of its internal technologies, including tools, data, and analytics, with institutional clients.

Clients , Innovation

Goldman Sachs, One of the First International Banks to Open a Subsidiary in Japan

Goldman Sachs becomes one of the first international securities companies permitted to open a banking subsidiary in Japan in 1991.

Clients , Globalization

Helping Retailer Ito-Yokado Tap into American Bond Market

Goldman Sachs helps facilitate Japanese retailer Ito-Yokado’s participation in the Yankee bond market in 1977.

Clients , Globalization

Capital Flight Destabilizes the Mexican Economy in Mid-1990s

Capital flight forces a depreciation of the Mexican peso in late 1994, creating a liquidity crisis that threatens global financial markets and unleashes a banking crisis and severe recession in Mexico during 1995.

Globalization

Goldman Sachs Joins Frankfurt Stock Exchange

In 1991, the firm becomes a member of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, signifying its commitment to the German marketplace.

Clients , Globalization

Sidney Weinberg Leads the Firm for More than Three Decades

In 1930, Sidney Weinberg becomes senior partner, presiding over the firm’s recovery from the 1929 financial crash and more than three decades of growth and innovation.

Leadership

10,000 Small Businesses Fuels Innovation, Productivity Gains in United Kingdom

Goldman Sachs launches 10,000 Small Businesses UK in 2010, seeking to boost lagging productivity by energizing small business growth and creating jobs in the United Kingdom.

Culture , Service

How Innovative Thinking Helped Toshiba Stay Afloat

Goldman Sachs is the sole agent of a private placement of JPY600 billion (US$5.35 billion) for Toshiba Corporation in 2017, raising capital Toshiba needs to avoid being delisted from the Tokyo Stock Exchange at a time when a public listing would be challenging for the beleaguered tech company.

Clients

Weinberg, Whitehead Become Co-Heads

John L. Weinberg and John C. Whitehead are named co-heads of the firm in 1976, presiding over some of the firm’s most significant initiatives and growth during their joint tenure of nearly eight years.

Leadership

Goldman Sachs Operates Briefly as a Joint Stock Association

In 1922, the Goldman Sachs partnership transitioned to a new entity, Goldman, Sachs & Co., a joint stock association. By 1927, the firm had reconstituted itself as a partnership.

Clients

IFFIm Bonds: Financial Innovation Funds Immunization in More than 60 Countries

As lead advisors to the International Finance Facility for Immunisation (IFFIm), Goldman Sachs helps to launch in 2006 a US$1 billion bond to protect children against disease by improving health systems and increasing access to immunization.

Innovation , Service

Codifying a Commitment to Diversity with Updated Business Principles

On October 16, 2001, the firm announced that it had expanded its seventh Business Principle to underscore the importance of building, supporting and leveraging a diverse and inclusive workforce at Goldman Sachs.

Culture

Expanding its Commitment to China, Goldman Sachs Opens Offices in Beijing and Shanghai

In early 1994, Goldman Sachs opens its first office in China. Officially opened in February, the firm’s Beijing office marks the beginning of a permanent presence in mainland China. In November, the firm opens a second office, in Shanghai.

Culture , Globalization

Global Financial Markets Crash on Black Monday

After US markets plunged on October 19, 1987, equity markets around the world declined, underscoring the interdependence of global financial markets.

Globalization

Goldman Sachs Introduces 14 Business Principles That Define the Firm

In 1979, John Whitehead codifies a set of 14 Business Principles that define Goldman Sachs and what it stands for.

Culture

John L. Weinberg is Named Sole Senior Partner of Goldman Sachs

In 1984, John L. Weinberg, son of Sidney Weinberg, is named sole senior partner following the retirement of co-senior partner John Whitehead.

Leadership

Triple-Header: Goldman Sachs Manages the Concurrent IPOs of Japan Post Holdings, Japan Post Bank, and Japan Post Insurance

Goldman Sachs acts as a joint global coordinator and joint book runner for the three-pronged initial public offering of Japan Post Holdings, Japan Post Bank, and Japan Post Insurance in the largest IPO of 2015, totaling nearly US$12 billion.

Clients

China Telecom Privatization Shines through the Shadow of the Asian Financial Crisis

In 1997, Goldman Sachs acts as advisor, joint global coordinator and joint lead manager on the US$4.04 billion partial privatization of China Telecom (now China Mobile), then the largest privatization of a Chinese company to date.

Clients

First US Offering of Commercial Paper Issued by a Japanese Company

To bring Japanese commercial paper to a skeptical US market in 1971, Goldman Sachs arranges a US bank letter of credit to back up the offering from Mitsui & Co., Ltd., a centuries-old Japanese trading company.

Clients

Seven Insurers Buy US$225 Million Stake in Goldman Sachs

In 1989, Goldman Sachs forms a ten-year consortium with seven insurance companies that collectively contribute US$225 million for a non-voting stake in the firm.

Clients

1969: Stonewall Riots, Man On The Moon, Woodstock, And The Rise of Block Trading

A century after its founding, Goldman Sachs enjoys a strong presence in block trading, corporate financing, security arbitrage, trading and underwriting of federal agencies securities, and municipal finance.

Culture , Globalization

The Glass-Steagall Act Separates Commercial and Investment Banking Activities

As part of financial reforms instituted during the Great Depression in the United States, the Glass-Steagall Banking Act of 1933 mandates the separation of commercial and investment banking, and the securities acts of 1933 and 1934 improve disclosure practices in the offering of securities to investors.

Clients , Globalization

Henry Goldman Leaves the Firm

As World War I engulfs Europe, a rift develops among the partners of Goldman Sachs as Henry Goldman asserts his allegiance to Germany and his ancestral roots.

Leadership

Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Inaugurates Goldman Sachs’ New European Headquarters

In 1991, Goldman Sachs brings its London-based staff under a single roof in a new office building on Fleet Street in London that incorporates functional, collaborative work spaces and the latest technology. Peterborough Court will serve as the firm’s European headquarters for nearly three decades.

Culture , Globalization

International Advisory Board Formed to Provide Global Insight

In 1982, Goldman Sachs establishes a board of international advisors with wide ranging experience in government, diplomacy and multinational business.

Clients , Globalization

Targeting Sustainable Corporate Performance: GS SUSTAIN

In 2007, Goldman Sachs launches GS SUSTAIN, a global, long-term investment research strategy designed to generate sustainable alpha by integrating analysis of financial strength, strategic positioning, and environmental, social and governance performance.

Clients , Innovation

The New York Stock Market Crash of 1929 Preludes the Great Depression

The “roaring twenties” end with the stock market crash of October 1929.

Globalization

Sachs Family Legacy Continues as Walter Sachs Becomes Partner

In 1910, Walter Sachs becomes a partner of the firm founded by his grandfather Marcus Goldman, where he works alongside his father and brothers.

Leadership

Marriage Equality

In 2013, Goldman Sachs joins other business leaders and advocates in signing a friend of the court brief supporting marriage equality.

Culture , Leadership

1944: D-Day, the Bretton Woods Conference and the Dawn of the IMF and the World Bank

Goldman Sachs turns 75 in 1944 as World War II continued to engulf much of the globe and world leaders convene to plan for post-war governance, economic reconstruction, and financial stability.

Culture , Globalization

Looking to Expand in Asia, Goldman Sachs Establishes Hong Kong Presence

Goldman Sachs opens an office in Hong Kong in 1983, recognizing the role of the port territory as a vital financial bridge for the entire Asian region.

Culture , Globalization

1919: Treaty of Versailles, the First Trans-Atlantic Flight, and Rotary Dial Telephones

Goldman Sachs turns 50 in 1919, the year when the Treaty of Versailles is signed ending World War I and the world sees the first nonstop trans-Atlantic flight.

Culture , Globalization

Goldman Sachs Begins Joint Venture with JBWere, Australia

Goldman Sachs and JBWere announce the merger of their Australian operations in 2003, forming a new venture branded as Goldman Sachs JBWere.

Clients

Daimler-Benz Becomes First German Company to List on NYSE

In post-unification Germany, Daimler-Benz looks to the international investment community for funding with its historic 1993 listing on the New York Stock Exchange.

Clients

Goldman Sachs Helps a French Utility Tap the US Commercial Paper Market

Just over a century after Goldman Sachs began dealing in commercial paper, the firm leads a commercial paper issuance for state-owned electric utility Électricité de France in 1974, the first ever in the United States on behalf of a foreign government entity.

Clients , Innovation

Black-Derman-Toy Model Developed by Team at Goldman Sachs

The Black-Derman-Toy model for pricing fixed income derivatives is developed at Goldman Sachs in 1986 and used extensively in-house prior to its publication several years later.

Clients , Innovation

Helping Warner Brothers Pictures Play a Starring Role in an Emerging Industry

In the mid-1920s, Goldman Sachs identifies the promise of the nascent film industry and provides Warner Brothers Pictures with critical strategic advice and access to financing in the film studio's early years.

Clients

First US Social Impact Bond Financed by Goldman Sachs

In 2012, in partnership with the City of New York and Bloomberg Philanthropies, Goldman Sachs finances the first social impact bond in the United States, a US$9.6 million loan aimed at reducing the rate of recidivism among adolescents incarcerated on Rikers Island.

Innovation , Service

New York City Subway System Opens

In 1904, the New York City subway system opens at City Hall, launching a new era in mass transit in one of the world’s largest cities.

Globalization

Telmex Privatization: First International Equity Offering from a Mexican Corporation

Goldman Sachs serves as advisor and global coordinator in the 1990 privatization of Teléfonos de Mexico.

Clients

One Deal, Two Firsts: Japan Tobacco’s Global Equity Offering

Goldman Sachs led the first global equity offering of Japan Tobacco in 1996, becoming the first non-Japanese company to underwrite shares for Japan’s Ministry of Finance.

Clients

Keeping the Lights On in San Antonio: Goldman Sachs' First Public Utility IPO

In 1921, the firm co-lead manages its first utility company offering, approximately US$3.8 million in bonds for San Antonio Public Service Company. At the time, San Antonio is the largest city in Texas.

Clients

1894: Coca-Cola, the International Olympic Committee, and the “Velocipede”

Goldman Sachs turns 25 during the US economic recession of the mid-1890s.

Culture , Globalization

With 10,000 Small Businesses, Goldman Sachs Helps to Fuel the Engines of US Job Creation

Goldman Sachs announces a US$500 million initiative in 2009 to help small businesses create jobs and drive economic growth through greater access to education, financial capital and business support services.

Culture , Service

Goldman Sachs Advises British Candymaker Facing Historic Takeover Bid

In 1988, Goldman Sachs advises UK confectioner Rowntree when it is the target of the largest takeover battle in British corporate history.

Clients

Sidney Weinberg Serves on War Production Board

Sidney Weinberg takes a leave of absence from the firm to serve on the War Production Board during World War II.

Service , Leadership

With SecDB, a Groundbreaking Risk Management Platform is Born

Securities Database, known as SecDB, is developed in 1993 and becomes the backbone of Goldman Sachs’ risk analytics platform for securities.

Clients , Innovation

Goldman Sachs Sets Block Trading Record With Alcan Aluminum Trade

In 1967, Gus Levy executes a record-breaking block trade of over one million shares of Alcan Aluminum worth more than US$26.5 million.

Clients

Penn Central Bankruptcy Sends Shock Waves through Commercial Paper Market

When Penn Central, the largest railroad in the country, declared bankruptcy in 1970, liquidity vanished in the commercial paper market. This not only roiled the market but threatened the very existence of Goldman Sachs, the market leader with nearly 300 other commercial paper-issuing clients.

Clients

NTT DoCoMo IPO Cements Goldman Sachs' Leadership Position in Japan

Goldman Sachs co-leads the 1998 initial public offering of NTT Mobile Communication Network, Inc., (NTT DoCoMo), the largest IPO in history at the time. Coming in the midst of Japan's worst recession since World War II, the offering restores confidence in global capital markets at a time when it is critically needed.

Clients

New Global Headquarters Opens at 85 Broad Street

In 1983, Goldman Sachs opens its newly constructed headquarters building at 85 Broad Street in New York City’s financial district.

Culture

Goldman Sachs Partners with Kleinwort, Sons & Co. of London

Goldman Sachs partners with Kleinwort, Sons & Co. of London in 1897, beginning a joint undertaking in international finance.

Clients , Globalization

Getting the Job Done: British Petroleum Privatization

Goldman Sachs is retained as US advisor in the privatization of the UK government’s remaining interest in British Petroleum Company plc, the largest sale ever by HM Treasury. When it coincides with the 1987 “Black Monday” stock market crash, Goldman Sachs absorbs the largest loss the firm has ever taken.

Clients

Goldman Sachs Trading Corporation Bears Full Brunt of 1929 Crash

In December 1928, Waddill Catchings led the firm’s formation of an investment trust, Goldman Sachs Trading Corporation. By mid-1932, GSTC stock plummeted to virtually nothing.

Clients

Sidney Weinberg Helps Set the Standard for Corporate Directorship in the 20th Century

In 1949, Sidney Weinberg gives a speech on the responsibilities of corporate directors before the Harvard Business School Club in Cleveland. His model for corporate directorship will be widely cited and emulated for decades.

Culture , Leadership

In Governance Milestone, Goldman Sachs Establishes Management Committee

The Management Committee is created in 1965 as a senior governing body responsible for key strategy, policy and management matters across all of Goldman Sachs’ businesses.

Leadership

Bringing Commercial Paper Trading Into the Digital Age

In 1985, Goldman Sachs introduces the first-ever computerized commercial paper dealer system, replacing the telephone and increasing the speed and accuracy of commercial paper transactions.

Clients , Innovation

Goldman Sachs Joins the Tokyo Stock Exchange

In 1985, Goldman Sachs is selected as one of the first six non-Japanese firms to join the Tokyo Stock Exchange, allowing the firm to compete on equal footing in the Pacific Basin with some of Japan's largest banks.

Clients , Globalization

Ping An Insurance Becomes Goldman Sachs' First Principal Investment in China

Goldman Sachs makes its first principal investment in China in 1994 with the US$35 million investment in Ping An Insurance Company. The deal makes Ping An the first Chinese insurer to have foreign shareholders.

Clients

Goldman Sachs Adds Iconic NYC Property to Its Real Estate Portfolio

Leading an investment group in partnership with David Rockefeller, Goldman Sachs purchases Rockefeller Center in 1995, paving the way for the firm’s growing involvement in real estate investment.

Clients

Goldman Sachs Advises Mittal Steel on Historic Acquisition of Arcelor SA

The firm’s strategic outreach to shareholders helps Mittal Steel secure the EUR26.9 billion acquisition of European steel giant Arcelor in 2006.

Clients

IPO of AIG's Asian Unit is the Largest Ever of an Insurance Company

In 2010, Goldman Sachs serves as joint global coordinator and joint book runner for the US$20.5 billion initial public offering and effective privatization of publicly controlled AIG’s AIA Group unit, one of the largest and oldest life insurers in Asia.

Clients

Celebrating Most Influential Entrepreneurs at Inaugural Builders + Innovators Summit

2012 marks Goldman Sachs’ first annual Builders + Innovators Summit, a gathering of a select group of up-and-coming US entrepreneurs and seasoned business leaders designed to foster dialogue, idea sharing, and economic progress.

Clients , Innovation

Goldman Sachs Joins the New York Stock Exchange

Harry Sachs (Samuel Sachs' brother) becomes partner in 1894 and the firm's first stock exchange member two years later.

Clients

F.W. Woolworth IPO Fuels Rapid Growth of a Retail Empire

After being turned down by other underwriters, Frank Woolworth sought out Goldman Sachs in 1912 to help finance his company’s rapid expansion, forging a decades-long relationship between the companies.

Clients

Firm Advises, Helps Fund Amazon’s Stunning US$13.7 Billion Acquisition of Whole Foods

In 2017, Goldman Sachs advises Amazon.com on the US$13.7 billion acquisition of Whole Foods as the grocery chain becomes part of the world’s largest online retailer. The firm also provides bridge funding for the acquisition.

Clients

NYSE Debut of PetroChina Ltd. Caps Massive Reorganization of Chinese Oil Industry

In 2000, the firm works to privatize a huge state-owned enterprise into PetroChina, an effort that involves reorganizing the oil industry in China.

Clients

Pursuing Opportunity, Goldman Sachs Establishes Boston and Chicago Offices

Goldman Sachs opens offices in Boston and Chicago in 1900, thus becoming a national company.

Culture , Globalization

Goldman Sachs Takes First Step to Becoming a Global Firm with London Office

In 1970, Goldman Sachs opens its first international office on Goldsmith Street in London.

Culture , Globalization

Goldman Sachs Advises the UK Government in the Country's Largest Privatization Yet

In 1986, Goldman Sachs advises the UK government and British Gas on selling shares in the United States of what is, at the time, the largest-ever privatization in the UK, at GB£5.6 billion.

Clients

US$13 Billion Privatization of Deutsche Telekom: Largest IPO Ever

In 1996, Goldman Sachs serves as joint global coordinator on the US$13 billion privatization of Deutsche Telekom AG, Europe’s largest telecommunications service provider and the largest equity offering to date.

Clients

A Second Generation of Goldmans Enters the Family Business

Marcus Goldman’s youngest son, Henry Goldman, joins the family business in 1885.

Leadership

Investing in a Stronger Japanese Banking System

Goldman Sachs invests US$1.27 billion (JPY150 billion) in Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group (SMFG) in 2003 and assists SMFG with the disposition of some of its non-performing assets.

Clients

The Shanghai Stock Exchange Reopens in 1990

Closed in 1950 after the Communist revolution, the Shanghai Stock Exchange restarts operations in December 1990, cementing the growth and development of capital markets in China.

Globalization

Goldman Sachs and IFC Introduce Landmark Credit Facility for Women Entrepreneurs

The Goldman Sachs Foundation and the International Finance Corporation create the Women Entrepreneurs Opportunity Facility in 2014 to provide much-needed financing to female entrepreneurs around the globe.

Clients , Service

Goldman Sachs Leads Historic Conrail IPO, Largest Ever Public Offering

Goldman Sachs leads the Conrail IPO in 1987, the largest ever public offering and an important chapter in the history of American railroads.

Clients

Innovation at Work: Helping a U.S. Thrift Sell Yen-Based Notes in Europe

In 1987, Goldman Sachs co-manages the first-ever collateralized Euroyen notes totaling JPY15 billion for California-based Great American First Savings Bank.

Clients , Innovation

Goldman Sachs Plans First Headquarters for Site of Marcus Goldman’s Original Office

In 1929, Goldman Sachs announces it will build a new 20-story headquarters at 30 Pine Street, the first-ever construction project by the firm.

Culture

Gus Levy Appointed Senior Partner

In 1969, Gus Levy became Goldman Sachs’ senior partner, launching an era marked by an expanded international focus and an increasing willingness by the firm to take on trading risk.

Leadership

Sidney J. Weinberg and the Business Advisory and Planning Council

Sidney Weinberg helps launch the Business Advisory and Planning Council in 1933, creating an enduring source of insight for CEOs and government.

Service , Leadership

Goldman Sachs Launches Community TeamWorks, Its Signature Volunteer Program

Community TeamWorks, the firm’s flagship volunteering initiative, was launched in 1997. The program gives employees a day off from work to participate in team-based projects with nonprofit organizations in their communities.

Culture , Service

Paradigm Shift as Goldman Sachs Decides to Go Public

After decades of impassioned debate, the partners of Goldman Sachs voted in 1998 to take the firm public the following year. The firm was among the last large financial institutions to do so.

Clients , Culture

The Late 1990s Dot-Com Bubble Implodes in 2000

Investors avidly trade dot-com stocks from internet startups, until the bubble burst in 2000.

Globalization

The Tokyo Stock Exchange Reopens in 1949

Closed shortly after Japan surrendered in 1945, the Tokyo Stock Exchange resumes operations in May 1949, contributing to the stabilization and growth of postwar Japan.

Globalization

Landmark Investment in Goldman Sachs by Sumitomo Bank

In 1986, Goldman Sachs accepts a US$500 million investment and limited partnership interest by Sumitomo Bank in order to meet capital requirements.

Clients , Globalization

Jon Corzine Named Goldman Sachs’ Senior Partner

In 1994, Jon Corzine is named senior partner of Goldman Sachs.

Leadership

Goldman Sachs Names First Non-Family Member as Partner

After joining in 1918, Waddill Catchings quickly rises to become the firm’s first senior partner who is not part of the Goldman or Sachs families.

Leadership

Goldman Sachs Broadens Wealth Management Offerings with Ayco Acquisition

In 2003, Goldman Sachs acquires the Ayco Company, L.P. (Ayco), a leading provider of fee-based financial counseling. Ayco will operate as part of the firm’s Private Wealth Management business.

Clients

Post-War Reconstruction Bond Offering for French Railroad

In 1924, Goldman Sachs participates in US$20 million bonds for Paris-Lyons Mediterranean Railroad Company post-War reconstruction in France.

Clients

Investment in Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC)

In 2006, Goldman Sachs purchases a 7 percent stake in ICBC worth more than $2.5 billion—its largest-ever principal investment—reinforcing a deep strategic collaboration between the two banks.

Clients

Firm Announces Formation of Merchant Banking Division

The formation of the Merchant Banking Division in 1998 reflects the firm’s expanding role in principal investing activities.

Clients

With Hathaway & Co. Acquisition, Goldman Sachs Doubles Down on Commercial Paper

In the depths of the Great Depression, Goldman Sachs announces its first-ever acquisition. Taking advantage of a depressed commercial paper market, the firm purchases Chicago-based Hathaway & Co. in 1932 to become one of the largest commercial paper dealers in the US.

Clients

Helping an Early American Retailing Icon Achieve the Next Level of Growth

In 1906, Sears, Roebuck and Co. was a burgeoning catalog business in need of capital to finance its robust growth. Goldman Sachs led an initial public offering for Sears that year, the success of which signaled the rise of the consumer/retail sector in the U.S. economy.

Clients

Disney Magic Comes to NYSE in IPO

Goldman Sachs leads the Disney IPO at a share price of US$13.88 on the New York Stock Exchange in 1957.

Clients

A New Partner Joins the Family Business

In 1882, Marcus Goldman takes on Samuel Sachs, the husband of his youngest daughter, as a junior partner.

Leadership

Entrepreneurialism and Grit Inspire Marcus Goldman to Launch his Business

In 1869, Marcus Goldman starts a small business buying and selling promissory notes in Lower Manhattan. His strong relationships and reputation as an honest broker form the foundation for a company that will grow to become one of the most influential financial institutions in the world.

Leadership

Family Business Grows, Takes the Name Goldman, Sachs & Co.

The firm adopts the name Goldman, Sachs & Co. to reflect the addition of Ludwig Dreyfuss as partner in 1888.

Leadership

Firm's First IPO Uses New Earnings-Based Approach to Valuation

Henry Goldman leads the firm’s first IPO in 1906, utilizing the innovative strategy of earnings, rather than solely assets, to attract long-term investment in United Cigar Manufacturers.

Clients , Innovation

Future Iconic Leader Begins Work as a Janitor’s Assistant

Sidney J. Weinberg, who would go on to become the firm’s longest-serving senior partner and a defining leader of Wall Street, begins work as a janitor’s assistant at Goldman Sachs in 1907.

Leadership

Power of Relationships: The Road to Ford Motor Company's IPO

Goldman Sachs leads the Ford Motor Company’s US$657 million IPO in 1956, the largest common stock offering to date in the United States. Sidney Weinberg, a long-time friend and informal advisor to the Ford family, becomes one of Ford Motor's first outside directors.

Clients

John Whitehead Memo Revolutionizes Investment Banking, Establishes Investment Banking Services

In one of the firm's most important industry innovations, John C. Whitehead submits a memo to Sidney J. Weinberg in 1956 outlining the establishment of Wall Street's first marketing arm for investment banking, later known as Investment Banking Services.

Clients , Innovation

Revolutionary Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model is Published by Fischer Black, Later a Partner at Goldman Sachs

Published in 1973, the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model brought a new quantitative approach to pricing options, helping fuel the growth of derivative investing.

Clients , Innovation

Goldman Sachs Adds Strength in Commodities and Foreign Exchange With J. Aron Acquisition

In 1981, Goldman Sachs acquires a client, J. Aron & Company, in a strategic move to extend the firm’s international presence in the commodity and foreign exchange markets.

Clients

Amid London's "Big Bang" Deregulation, Goldman Sachs Joins Newly Formed International Stock Exchange

In 1986, Goldman Sachs joins the International Stock Exchange in London and becomes a primary dealer in UK government securities, cementing the firm's position as a leading participant in the evolving global capital markets.

Clients , Globalization

Helping a State-Owned Company in India Tap Global Markets

Goldman Sachs is the lead manager of Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL)’s US$85 million 1994 offering of global depositary receipts—the first international offering for an Indian government-owned company.

Clients , Globalization

Speculative Attacks Force East Asian Countries to Let their Currencies Float, Resulting in the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997

In the summer of 1997, capital flight forces several East Asian countries to let their currencies float: the ensuing Asian Financial Crisis threatens the international financial system.

Globalization

“Womenomics”: The Power of the Purse in Japan

The Japanese portfolio team within the Global Investment Research Division publishes “Womenomics: Buy the Female Economy” in 1999, launching a multiyear series of reports that cement “Womenomics” as part of the Japanese vernacular and a pillar of the country’s efforts to revive economic growth.

Clients , Innovation

With GS Research Report, "BRICs" Are Born

In 2001, Goldman Sachs’ Global Investment Research Division publishes the report, "Build Better Global Economic BRICs," coining the acronym for the four countries that would reshape the world economy– Brazil, Russia, India and China.

Clients , Innovation

Landmark Partnership Preserves Pristine Wilderness in Tierra del Fuego

In 2004, the firm entered into a landmark public-private partnership with the Wildlife Conservation Society to establish the Karukinka Natural Park on the island of Tierra del Fuego, Chile.

Culture , Service

Embracing Past and Future, Goldman Sachs Breaks Ground on Global Headquarters in Manhattan

Goldman Sachs broke ground for its new, state-of-the-art headquarters at 200 West Street on November 29, 2005, consolidating all of the firm’s New York City people in one building and once again demonstrating its commitment to Lower Manhattan.

Culture

Harnessing the Power of Education for Women Entrepreneurs Around the World

Goldman Sachs launches 10,000 Women in 2008, a program dedicated to providing women in underserved communities around the world with a business and management education.

Culture , Service

Tapping Junior Talent's Competitive Spirit to Generate Grants for Nonprofits

Goldman Sachs launched the Analyst Impact Fund in 2016, providing a creative, collaborative opportunity for the firm’s junior talent to compete with their peers for grants to benefit the nonprofit organizations of their choice.

Culture , Service

Marcus by Goldman Sachs Applies Technology to a Long Legacy of Bringing Financial Expertise to Clients

In 2016, Goldman Sachs launches Marcus by Goldman Sachs, an online platform offering personal unsecured loans and savings accounts to retail clients.

Clients , Innovation
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